As a rule, ornamental conifers and shrubs planted on a garden plot do not require special attention and care.
First you need to decide on the planting time and varieties of conifers.
If you are going to plant ornamental conifers on your garden plot not in spring, but in mid-autumn, then the best option would be to plant them at the beginning of the season, that is, in early September.
When buying seedlings, pay your attention to the root system of the plants - it must be covered with an earthen ball.
It is not recommended to plant ornamental coniferous trees without a lump, which retains a special microflora on the roots. Otherwise, the root system may deteriorate and the plant may get sick.
It is preferable to buy decorative conifers in containers that provide them with a higher survival rate after planting.
A prerequisite for planting seedlings is the presence of a drainage system in the planting pit. To do this, you can easily use broken building red brick or expanded clay.
Also check which fertilizer is suitable for planting your chosen seedlings. Humus or sand-peat mixture is used especially for these purposes.
As a rule, such trees and shrubs, with the arrival of spring and sunlight, are exposed to direct sunlight and the best option would be to protect them from possible burns. To do this, you can take special awnings made of dense material.
As soon as the seedlings are planted in open ground, it is necessary to immediately water them abundantly at the rate of ten liters of water for each tree. In the first year of life, plants on your site should be watered at least once a week. In subsequent years, ornamental conifers can be watered once a week.
When your Christmas trees and other conifers have grown up and have matured a little, they need to be pruned, but this should be done exactly in that period of time when the first snow has not yet fallen. Spruce rows are cut as needed, but not when they grow intensively.
As for pines with huge crowns, they need to be given a special shape. The best time for this activity is late May or early July. It is not at all necessary to cut pine branches, you can also break them. To ensure high-quality air circulation in the crowns of cypress, thuja or juniper, you should cut off the dried branches and completely remove the dry needles.
Be sure to water your decorative conifers well before winter and the first frost. Only in this case can you be sure that your freshly planted plants will withstand the winter period with dignity and will have strong and beautiful crowns in the next year.
It is always necessary to approach the planting of woody plants very responsibly, especially when it comes to long-lived trees. These include coniferous crops.
Decorative spruces, cypresses, junipers, pines, of course, favorably decorate the garden, zone the site and create shade in certain areas. But at the same time, they require responsible attention to themselves when planting and growing.
So that in a few years after appearing in the garden the coniferous representatives do not disappoint and do not create additional trouble, it is necessary to take several correct "steps" in their cultivation.
pokupke-vyraschivanii-hvoynikov-1 When selecting seedlings, it is recommended to pay attention to their appearance.
The young crown should have a solid green color. If branches with brown needles are seen on the tree, then this is a very alarming sign.
It is worth carefully examining the needles themselves. If there is a white coating in the form of flakes at their base, then this is another contraindication for buying. These signs indicate the presence of diseases in seedlings.
It is necessary to pay attention to the size of the container. Professional gardeners do not recommend purchasing coniferous seedlings in pots that are too small. This fact indicates that the plant has a small root system, which means that it will be difficult for the tree to adapt to new conditions.
It is also important to know the history of sapling. If it was originally grown in natural conditions and then transplanted into a container for sale, then it is not worth buying.
Conifers are difficult to tolerate a double transplant. In addition, there is a high probability that the root system was damaged when digging out the seedling in the nursery. In coniferous crops, it is pivotal and its damage is sometimes catastrophic for a plant.
This exercise requires knowledge of the biological characteristics of each genus. This is especially true of light conditions when choosing a landing site.
If you compose a series of shade tolerance of coniferous crops, you get the following picture:
pine - juniper - thuja - spruce - fir - hemlock - yew.
The pine is a typical representative of light-loving crops, and the yew is a shade-loving one.
Of the general requirements for planting, one can name the presence of drainage and the composition of the soil mixture that is added to the planting pit. It is prepared from turf, peat, humus, taken in equal amounts and sand, taken in half.
For pine, juniper and yew, it is advisable to add additional lime, and for fir - sawdust. The landing pit itself is made with a diameter of 0.8-1 meter and a depth of 0.6-0.7 meters.
Unlike most deciduous crops, conifers do not need to loosen the soil near the trunk. To be more precise, this method of tillage is simply contraindicated for them. This is explained by the fact that small roots are located in conifers in the upper soil layer and they can be damaged when loosening. As a result, the plant can become sick.
The most optimal agricultural technique is to mulch the substrate around the trunk. Fallen needles are great as mulch. It additionally creates acidic conditions in the soil, which has a positive effect not only on the development of the trees themselves, but also on other organisms-symbionts of conifers.
Another prohibition for thorny representatives is the use of organic matter - manure or bird droppings. Coniferous roots are very sensitive to a large amount of natural organic matter, as it simply burns them.
To support the growth and development of plants, it is necessary to use special fertilizers for conifers.
In areas with severe winters, first-year seedlings must be covered in late autumn. Heat-loving crops, such as cypress trees, are protected from frost every winter.
It is worth remembering that conifers are very sensitive to the early spring sun. To prevent dangerous sunburn, it is recommended to use all possible protective measures.
The correct choice of a seedling, planting taking into account biological characteristics and careful care will definitely allow you to grow beautiful and strong pines, cypresses, thuja and other conifers on the site.